Further Reading…

Ice Age to Stone Age


teesarchaeology.com – The Mesolithic in North East Yorkshire, (pdf)

eastriding.gov.uk – Coastal explorer, (pdf)

withernwickvillage.co.uk – Lake dwellings, (pdf)

dot-domesday.me.uk – Migration

wikipedia.org – Star Carr

bbc.co.uk – Mesolithic era

bgs.ac.uk – Discovering Geology, Geology Of Britain, Ice Age

shorthistory.org (Mesolithic People image)


Bronze Age



bbc.co.uk – Bronze Age Britain / Immigration & Emigration in Bronze Age Britain

britishmuseum.org – Bronze Age Review PDF

ore.exeter.ac.uk – Bronze Age human ecodynamics in the Humber estuary

ancientcraft.co.uk – Bronze Age

hullcc.gov.uk – Museum Collections, Bronze Age

withernwickvillage.co.uk – Lake dwellings (pdf)

historicengland.org.uk – Bronze age domestic life revealed

jryantheaed.wordpress.com – Bronze Age Burials – The Aed

citizan.org.uk – North Ferriby

stone-circles.org.uk – Little Argham Neolithic/Bronze Age Henge

archaeologydataservice.ac.uk – England’s Historic Seascapes: Withernsea to Skegness

pennmuseum.com – Image of 1940s Ferriby boat



stonecircles.org.uk  – Rudston Monolith


Iron Age

eylhs.org.uk – The Romans in East Yorkshire

antiquemapsandprints.com – Image of Iron Age furnace for smelting, antique print 1893

theguardian.com – Science, – Hugely important Iron Age remains found in Yorkshire Site & Warrior King uncovered in Yorkshire Iron Age Settlement

stone-circles.org.uk – Arras

archaeology.co.uk – Iron Age Chariot Burial

bbc.co.uk – History, Iron Age & Weapons cache at South Cave

earlyworks.weebly.com – Iron Age

manchester.ac.uk – Image of chariot burial

britainexpress.com – History, Celtic Britain

stone-circles.org.uk – Danes Dyke

researchgate.net – Iron Landscape and Power in Iron Age East Yorkshire

The Parisi, Britons and Romans in Eastern Yorkshire – Peter Halkon, The History Press 2013

historyfiles.co.uk – King of Britain, Parisi



eylhs.org.uk – A.F Norman, University of Hull, The Romans in East Yorkshire

The Parisi, Britons and Romans in Eastern Yorkshire – Peter Halkon, The History Press 2013

romanroads.org – Yorkshire Gazetteer

britannica.com – Brigantes



bbc.co.uk – Native Tribes of Britain & The Roman Ninth Legion’s mysterious loss


KCOM Group Plc – What did a wealthy Roman house in East Yorkshire look like?


Anglo Saxon

bbc.co.uk  – Anglo-Saxons

britisharchaeology.ashmus.co.uk – Sancton

ancientmonuments.uk – Anglo Saxon cemetery at Home Farm Sewerby

historic-uk.com – Anglo-Saxon sites in Britain

news.richarddenning.co.uk – The Gods and Goddesses of the Anglo-Saxons

research.uvu.edu – Anglo-Saxon Paganism, Festivals, & Rituals


beverleycivicsociety.co.uk – A short History of Beverley

Four Anglian Kings of Northumbria (Or Four Yorkshire Anglo-Saxon Crowns)      Raymond E O Ella, 1991, ISBN – 0 – 9517026-0-2

Anglo-Saxon and Viking Humberside, Humberside County Council Archaeology Unit, Rosemary James, Janet Fairbank, 1986


traditioninaction.org – King Edwin (& image)

aclerkofoxford.blogspot.co.uk – image of celebrations

historyofyork.co.uk – Viking invasion

geni.com – Osbeorht, King of Northumbria

Hessle Local History Society



cliffsnotes.com – Translations of Beowulf

geni.com/britannica.com – Ivar Ragnarsson – Ivar the Boneless/Ragnar Lothbrok – Eadred King of England

curriculumvisions.com – Danelaw


viking.no – Yorkhire Dialect Words of Old Norse Origin

historyofyork.org.uk – The History of York, Trade on the RIvers

bbc.co.uk – Conquest, Legacy of the Vikings / Danelaw / Erik Bloodaxe

Hessle Local History Society

hubpages.com – The Viking influence in the East Riding of Yorkshire

ingebretsens.com – The Vikings and the Viking era

historyonthenet.com – Life on a Viking Farm

learnodo-newtonic.com – Viking Life / Harald Hardrada

historyinanhour.com – Harald Hardrada, a summary



english-heritage.org.uk – 1066 and the Norman Conquest

historytoday.com – The Harrying of the North

historyextra.com – Occupation, resistance, subjugation: the bloody aftermath of 1066. Image of The Harrying of the North, by Patrick Nicolle (1907–95).

opendomesday.org – The University of Hull


theeconomist.com – How Norman Rule Reshaped England, Dec 2016,

intriguing-history.com – Normans 1066 to 1154


hesslehistorysociety.com – Chronology of Hessle

bbc.co.uk – Normans, 1066 to 1154, John Hudson 2011

englandsnortheast.co.uk – The North Conquered

castlesfortsbattles.co.uk – Skipsea Castle

bladesandbows.co.uk – 10th-century-norman-sword


1150 – 1350 AD

Essays Upon the History of Meaux Abbey and some Principles of Medieval Land Tenure, The Rev. A Earle, MA, 1906, A Brown & Sons Ltd, Hull.

british-history.ac.uk – Medieval Hull, A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1, the City of Kingston Upon Hull.  K J Allison, 1969.  P11-85

bbc.co.uk – History – Richard I (1157 – 1199)

The Place-names of The East Riding of Yorkshire and York, A H Smith, Cambridge University Press.


Medieval Hull

bbc.co.uk – Edward I (1239-1307)

Leaflet – Charters, The Making of Hull. HCC, Hull History Centre, Martin Taylor 2017
An Historical Map of Kingston Upon Hull, From Medieval town to Industrial City. Town & City Historical Maps, The University of Hull, British Historic Towns Atlas – ISBN 978-0-9934698-2-4

Google Books; Dragons, Ten Entrepreneurs Who Built Britain, by Liam Byrne.
http://www.british-history.ac.uk – BHO – A History of the County of York, East Riding, Volume 1, the City of Kingston Upon Hull; Medieval Hull, Pages 11 – 85 & Public Services, Pages 371 – 386

Hessle Local History Society – Chronology of Hessle, East Yorkshire from the 7th century

Drypool, en.m.wikipedia.org

oldhull.co.uk – Old Hull, How Kingston Upon Hull has evolved since its creation in 1299 – Hull 1300’s

Royal Navy Wikipedia – Image of Edward III Navy Fleet; Froissarts Chronicles, The Battle of Sluys.